If you are trying to conceive, finding out when you ovulate is one of the first things you can do. Ovulation is the time when you are at your most fertile stage; and fortunately for us women, this stage in our menstrual cycle is marked by several ovulation symptoms.
But before we go into the details of those different symptoms, it is important that we know our body’s physiology at the time ovulation occurs.
What Happens During Ovulation?
If you have a regular 28 days menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs midway through that cycle – an estimated 14 days after your last menstruation period. This is the time when your ovary releases a mature egg to the fallopian tube where it is ready for fertilization. Concurrently, the lining of the uterine wall thickens, preparing itself for the implantation of the embryo should fertilization occur. If the egg isn’t fertilized, that’s when the uterine wall linings peel off and is discharged through the process of menstruation.
What are the Ovulation Symptoms?
Aside from understanding the physiological changes that your body undergoes, it is also important to take note of the more noticeable bodily symptoms that you may exhibit during ovulation. More common ovulation symptoms include:
- Cervical mucus becomes more abundant. Before ovulation, cervical mucus may be present but it’s certainly not much. In fact, you may not even notice it. During ovulation, you’ll be noticing plenty of these discharges and it will take on an egg white-like appearance and consistency; whereas, pre-ovulation cervical mucus has creamy white appearance.
- Increase in basal body temperature (BBT). BBT is simply your body’s temperature when you are at rest. This is normally taken right after you wake up in the morning. During the 14-day pre-ovulation stage, your BBT is usually lower. At the onset of ovulation, you will see an increase of your BBT of at least 4 degrees Fahrenheit. This increase is sustained all throughout the ovulation phase.
- Abdominal pain during ovulation. This pain is sometimes referred to as mittelscmerz, a German word for “middle pain”. This can be a dull and nagging pain in your abdomen for several hours or couple of days; or it can sometimes be sharp and intense lasting for a few seconds then mild ache or cramping right after.
- Increased sexual desire. This is your body’s natural way of signaling that the moment is just right to try and conceive.
- Symptoms that may also be associated with pregnancy are also present. For example, breast soreness, headaches, and lower back pains may also be present due to the changes in the levels of hormones.
- Positive ovulation predictor test. If you want to be certain, you can buy a urine or saliva ovulation test kit. It will test your body fluids for a marked surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) – a foolproof sign that you are indeed, in your ovulation stage.
It is expected that every woman will have varying ovulation symptoms. Therefore, you may or may not experience some of the symptoms discussed above. However, if you’ve taken the time to familiarize the changes your body undergoes during different stages of your menstrual cycle, you’ll be quite amazed with the signals it can give you.